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Mark Stephens DDS | Glossary in Hollister

Glossary
 

-A-

Abscess - infection caused by severe tooth decay, trauma or gum disease.
Amalgam
- a silver and mercury material used for fillings.
Anesthetic
- a drug used by your doctor to eliminate a patient's localized pain during certain dental procedures.
Anterior
- the teeth in the front of your mouth.
Antiseptic
- an agent that can be applied to living tissues to destroy germs.
Apex
- the very tip of the root of a tooth.
Aspirator
- a suction device your dentist uses to remove saliva from your mouth.

-B-

Bleaching Agent - a gel used to whiten and brighten teeth.
Bonding
- a plastic composite painted on the teeth to correct stains or damage.
Bridge
- one or more artificial teeth attached to your adjacent teeth.
Bruxism
- the clenching or grinding of teeth, most commonly while sleeping.

-C-

Calculus - the hardened plaque that can form on neglected or prone teeth, commonly known as tartar.
Canine
- the pointy teeth just behind the laterals.
Caries
- another name for cavities or decayed teeth.
Cavity
- a tiny hole in the tooth caused by decay.
Central
- the two upper and two lower teeth in the center of the mouth.
Crown
- an artificial tooth or cover made of porcelain or metal.
Cuspid
- the pointy teeth just behind the laterals, also known as canines.

-D-

Decalcification - the loss of calcium from the teeth.
Deciduous Teeth
- also called "baby teeth."
Dental Implants
- an implant permanently attached to the jawbone that replaces a missing tooth or teeth.
Denture
- a removable set of artificial teeth.

-E-

Enamel - the hard surface of the tooth above the gum line.
Endodontist
- a dentist who specializes in root canals and the treatment of diseases and infections of the dental pulp (inner tooth).
Extraction
- the removal of a tooth or teeth.

-F-

Filling - a plug made of metal or composite material used to fill a tooth cavity.
Fluoride
- a chemical solution used to harden teeth and prevent decay.

-G-

Gingivitis - inflammation of gums around the roots of the teeth.
Gums
- the firm flesh that surrounds the roots of the teeth.

-I-

Impacted Tooth - often occurring with wisdom teeth, it is a tooth that sits sideways below the gum line, often requiring extraction.
Incisal
- related to incisors (see below).
Incisor
- one of the flat, sharp-edged teeth in the front of the mouth.
Inlays
- a custom-made filling cemented into an unhealthy tooth.
Instant Orthodontics
- alternative to braces using bonded porcelain veneers or crowns.

-L-

Lateral - these are the teeth adjacent to the centrals.

-N-

Night Guard - a plastic mouthpiece worn at night to prevent grinding of the teeth. Often used to treat TMJ.

-P-

Pedontist - also known as a pediatric dentist, a dentist that specializes in the treatment of children's teeth.
Periodontist
- a dentist specializing in the treatment of gum disease.
Plaque
- a sticky buildup of acids and bacteria that causes tooth decay.
Posterior Teeth
- the teeth in the back of the mouth.
Primary Teeth
- also known as "baby teeth" or deciduous teeth.
Prosthodontist
- a dentist specializing in the restoration and replacement of missing teeth or severely damaged teeth.

-R-

Root - the portion of the tooth below your gum line.
Root Canal
- cleaning out and filling the inside nerve of a tooth that is heavily decayed.

-S-

Sealant - plastic coating applied to teeth to prevent decay. Used most commonly for children.
Secondary Teeth
- the permanent teeth.
Six-Year Molar
- commonly known as "the first molar."
Sleep Apnea
- a potentially serious disorder in which a sleeping person may stop breathing for 10 seconds or more, often continuously throughout the night.

-T-

Tartar - see calculus.
TMJ Syndrome
- a disorder associated with the joint of the jaw. Often caused by a misalignment of or a disparity in upper and lower jaw sizes.
Tooth Whitening
- a process designed to whiten and brighten teeth.
Twelve
-Year Molar - commonly known as "the second molar."

-V-

Veneer - a plastic, porcelain or composite material used to improve the attractiveness of a stained or damaged tooth

 
 
 
Hollister Dentist | Glossary. mark stephens is a Hollister Dentist.